What Are Sea Monkeys? Know Facts, History & Their Food

Sea monkeys may seem to be a real-life sea living monkey. Well, they are neither monkey nor do they live in the sea. Terming Sea Monkeys as a miracle won’t be wrong at all. They are in fact similar to the sea horses, but are known by the name of Sea Monkeys. The scientific name of this specimen is ‘Artemia Salina’, which is a salt water shrimp.

Its high protein content contributed to its wide use as a fish food but was later discovered to be used as fun pets, a rather special and unique utility. It was easy till the time sea monkeys was just fish food, but ever since it entered into the genre of pet and toys, there has been a considerable increase in people wanting to know more about them- their use, handling and maintenance, and much more to count.

Today we bring to your desk the unheard facts about the unheard history, biology, and lives of the Sea Monkeys. Enjoy the read!

1 What The Sea Monkeys Actually Are

What Are Sea Monkeys

Source – Wikipedia

They are in fact a hybrid breed of shrimp brine created in the 1950s that gained a popular base as they were easy to care for. At first, the name given was not ‘Sea-Monkeys’ but ‘Instant Life’. Sea monkeys are formulated in un-chlorinated salt water and usually appear within 24 hours.

Upon treatment with salt water solution, they change to tiny translucent shrimps. These shrimps have their tails with a wide resemblance to a monkey’s tail, and hence the name. Although low at maintenance, they trigger health issues and die if not cared for properly.

2  Process That Helps In Bringing Sea Monkeys From Egg Life To A Lively Stage

Cryptobiosis is a biological process which means “hidden life”. These animals stay inside their little eggs for years, waiting to come into contact with the water to hatch and come alive. They are termed as time travelers as they sleep in their small biological capsules and end up making a trip to the future.

3 Which Class Does The Sea Monkey Belong To?

What Are Sea Monkeys

Classification wise they are a part of the “Artemia Salina” category of the crustacean family. Naturally we have known monkeys to live on Monkeys live in salt lakes but Sea-Monkeys are hybrid and live in fresh water.

4 Age Of Sea-Monkeys 

They survive till the age of two and can reach up to two centimeters in length. Live eggs are found which hatch ones they touch water.

5 What Is The Size Of A Sea-Monkey?

What Are Sea Monkeys

Credit – Flickr

Sea-Monkeys are tiny at birth and it makes it difficult to see them on the day of birth. It is advised to wait for about 24 hours to see how they swim. By then they double from their initial size.

6 What Is The Pre-requisite To A Sea Monkey’s Healthy Birth?

For Sea Monkeys to be born healthy, the container should be clean, and contain pure, bottled or boiled water. They demand feeding once a week, and a temperature between 20 and 27 ºC.

7 Are The Sea-Monkeys Safe?

Sea-Monkeys possess no threat to humans, animals or the environment because they cannot survive outside water.

8 Where Can The Sea-Monkeys Be Purchased?

Sea Monkeys products can be brought through online purchase. Food envelopes, different types of fish, vitamins, games, etc. can be found at major toy stores and gift shops.

9 How To Start With A Sea Monkey Bowl?

Mark three envelopes for convenience. The first envelope (numbered 1) should contain a single-use formula to be used at the beginning of the process. It will condition the water. Envelope number 2 must contain the eggs of sea monkeys. It will result in hatching of live Sea Monkeys from their little eggs. The last envelope- Envelope 3 is the most important of all. It contains food and vitamins for the creature.

How to use envelope 1:

(1) Fill the bowl with 300cc of bottled water.

(2) Pour the entire contents of envelope 1 and stir for one minute until all its contents are dissolved in the water.

(3) Wait for 24 hours before adding the contents of envelope No. 2.

Envelope 2

This step brings out the Sea Monkeys to life. All you need is to follow these steps:

(1) Add the complete contents of the envelope number 2 in the purified water.

(2) Carefully remove the eggs for one minute, making sure there is no damage. To assist better visibility put a light behind the fish tank or place it in front of a bright window. While removing the water very small points come to sight and they try to swim against the current of the water. These points are the tiny Sea Monkey babies. After a day they double in size and become easier to sight. On the second and third day many more eggs hatch and by the end of third day all sea monkeys are born.

Envelope 3

Sea Monkeys can only be fed with the food and vitamins that are provided in the envelope. These nutrients were developed following a study of their specific needs. Feeding them with envelope No.3 will make Sea Monkeys grow to their maximum size, be strong, lively and live a long time.

10 Role of Water Purifier in the production of Sea Monkeys

The water purifier helps in the immediate production of life of the Sea Monkeys and neutralization of poisonous metal oxides and other harmful elements such as chlorine and fluorine. Both are known as killers of aquariums. They are present in most of the city waters.

It is recommended to use bottled water (without gas) instead of tap water. In case of no bottled water use boiled tap water and let it stand overnight before using it. This will reduce contamination and impurities and the water purifier will finish cleaning the rest of toxic substances.

11 How To Feed The Sea Monkeys

(1) Feeding should begin from the fifth day. The first four days must include envelope No. 2 along with eggs. It is not advised to add food during the first four days as it would feed harmful bacteria that would consume all the oxygen, thus stifling the new pets.

(2) Make sure that the amount of food is always measured. You should always give them food with the small part of the spoon, even when they are adults. An adult and healthy Sea Monkey has a darker line along his body. The dark line signifies that they are eating well and have full stomach. If the water is cloudy it means that there is too much food. Feeding must be stopped until the Sea Monkeys have finished their meal and the water has cleared

12 How To Clean The Water Of The Sea-Monkeys?

Cleaning is done by carefully pouring the entire contents of the container into another clean container. The last process is performed in order to leave behind only a little water at the bottom of the container (where all the sedimentation is).

The container is then washed with a little distilled water, and the formula is then poured into the bowl. The amount of water with sediments that is discarded, will be replaced with a little of the formula that is prepared with the “Jumbo Living Plasma”. A small Plasma Envelope can also be made but it makes 6 ozs of formula.

13 Do The Sea Monkeys Have An Affinity Towards The Sun?

What Are Sea Monkeys

Credit – Livescience

Sea Monkeys are photo-reactive and react with sunlight. They also love natural light. It is to be seen that the light is always indirect and natural. Care is to be taken that direct sunlight doesn’t enter as the fish tank would overheat.

14 Ideal Temperature For Sea Monkeys

A temperature of about 22 ° C is considered perfect for the Sea Monkeys. The advisable range is between 21 and 27 ° C.

15 How Do Sea Monkeys Reproduce?

The male and the female can mate, or the female can fertilize her own eggs alone. This process is called parthenogenesis or self-conception.

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