10 Inventions Of The Nineteenth Century That Changed The World
The nineteenth century is remembered for women with tiny waists and men with its tall top hats (and strange beards), but this is the century of the inventors. Let’s check some of the most revolutionary inventions of the nineteenth century that changed the world.
1. Canned food (1810)
In the year 1810, an English merchant named Peter Durand patented a novel method to preserve food. The technique consisted of placing vegetables and meat in closed jars and cook them for a long period of time. Although this technique was already used in France since the eighteenth century, Durand innovation was the packaging: metal cans. To achieve the patent that was issued by King, Durand needed to pass a test by sending canned food on English board ships for a period of 4 to 6 months. Proven the effectiveness of the method, Durand patented the canned food.
In 1812 he sold the patent to two other industrial, Bryan Donkin and John Hall, who were the manufacturers of brass containers. These two gentlemen started large-scale production of canned food. In 1813, they have provided most of the army’s power and the British Navy – a big plus for the soldiers and British sailors who fought in the Napoleonic wars and a revolution in food preservation.
2. Locomotive (1813)
George Stephenson was a poor boy who lived in a mining region of England. In 1813, he was responsible for building the first fully functional steam engine, a period where each gear to be done by hand!
The first locomotive was designed to transport coal, but then the train began transporting other materials and then people. Several kilometers of railways were built across Europe, the United States, Brazil. The train turned out to be one of the most memorable icons of the nineteenth century and a symbol of intense industrialization period.
3. Plastic Surgery (1814)
The first plastic surgery that we know was made in England by the physician Joseph Constantine Carpue. The patient was an army officer who had lost much of the nose due to treatment with mercury, which was used as medicine at the time. Carpue cut one strip of skin from the patient’s forehead, twisted, folded and fixed with dots, then fashion a new nose. After several weeks bandaged, the official would be amazed to look in the mirror and see a nose on his face again.
The surgery was a success for using the patient’s own skin. Secondly Carpue repeated the experiment with another soldier and the results were the same. So we owe Carpue the first rhinoplasty in the West – and it should the Egyptians surgeons, who in the sixth century BC already performed similar operations.
4. Sewing Machine (1830)
Although the concept of the sewing machine existed since 1755, they were heavy machinery, expensive and difficult to operate. Only in 1830, when the French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier decided to improve the existing technology it is that the sewing machines have become truly practical. Thimonnier has even set up a uniform factory for the army, which was destroyed in a fire.
Thanks to Thimonnier, it was possible to think of the first lines of clothing production on an industrial scale. The popularization of the sewing machine helped in the process of transition from a handcrafted and customized production of clothes for the industrial production model in a fashion we have today.
5. Analytical Engine (1835)
Charles Babbage is considered the father of modern computer science. In 1835, he introduced the world to an absolutely innovative invention: the Analytical Engine, a kind of mechanical calculator and embryo of modern computers. Well, it introduced the concept of the machine, which in financial and technological factors ended up not being built at the time. The code would ensure that (in theory) the operation of the machine was written by Ada Lovelace, considered the pioneer of programming. Thank them for their computer, tablet and phone.
6. Morse code telegraph (1835)
Thanks to the invention of Morse code and the telegraph for the first time, it could possible to transmit messages in real time.Before long, the main countries of the northern hemisphere were connected and soon there were submarine cable connecting the two sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
The telegraph allowed that the news of World War were transmitted almost instantly and was an extremely important weapon for reporters and spies of the nineteenth century. A kind of ancestor of the internet, only encoded.
7. Photography (1837-1839)
Daguerre and Niepce the French develop the most rudimentary form of photography, the daguerreotype, an image printing on a surface that does not faded with time, as previous attempts. By the end of the century, the picture would be continuously improved, with the progressive decrease in the size of the cameras and the negative exposure time. Only thanks to the invention and development of photography, it was possible to develop the film at the end of the century.
8. Toilet paper (1857)
Needless to emphasize the paramount importance of this invention for mankind! The concept of toilet paper came into picture in 1857 as a medical equipment. Only from 1879, when Scott (yes, the same one that exists today!) began selling the pale in roll format we know, it was popularized as hygiene article.
9. Telephone (1876)
Although Alexander Graham Bell was the first to record the telephone patent, another American inventor developed the same technology at the same time, setting off a long legal battle won by Graham Bell.
During a scientific exhibition in the United States, the Emperor Dom Pedro II had contact with Graham Bell and marveled at the invention, so that had installed telephone lines linking Rio de Janeiro to Petropolis.
The telephone brought another innovation: operator was one of the few more or less respectable professions that a woman could be away from home. The jobs open in telephone stations represented an early form of independence for many women in the nineteenth century.
10. Cinematograph (1895)
Techniques and equipment to create the illusion of motion from photos or pictures were already known, but the “animations” were short-lived. Only in 1895 the Lumiere brothers have developed a more or less portable equipment that allows the projection of “moving pictures.” The first projections were simple short films, such as the filming of the output of factory workers. But the film did a smashing success, and gradually began to replace the theater as popular entertainment.