It is crystal clear that language is the basic communication medium and a channel by which we express ourselves to one another successfully. Currently there are about 7,000 known languages in the world with over 6,000 being on the verge of extinction and therefore, these rarest languages are supposed to be uncommon by our new generation. The extinction of a language only implies that a certain culture is dying out. So, today, you must need to know about these dead languages that gone unusual.
On the same note, when the question about languages arises most people are only familiar with a few common ones like Arab, Spanish, French, English, Greek, Russian and so on.
The fact is that there is a list of some languages that are so indigenous and very rare that the world is not even aware of their existence and even the modern culture endangered their existence.
Most of them have up to even one speaker throughout the world. Below is an exclusive and exquisite collection of the top 10 most rarest and uncommon languages that you have ever heard of.
Taushiro is mainly spoken in Peru by the residents of Tigre River. It is considered to be a language isolate since it does to have any close relationship with the other languages in the country.
The speakers of the language did not have any proper means of writing though they could count up to ten using their fingers. Interestingly, according to linguistic related study that was undertaken in 2008, it was observed that only one person of the whole population could speak the language. This implies that the language is headed for extinction.
9 Miao Languages
The Miao languages are related to the Miao people who are found in China. The Miao community is a minority ethnic group of people who are known to speak a wide range of languages that they themselves refer to as the Hmongic languages.
If compared to the common languages in present China, Mandarin and Cantonese the Hmongic – which are believed to have emanated from the language family of Hmong-Mien – are very different. In fact, the most unique and intriguing thing about this language is the writing system which is distinct from the traditional orthographical Chinese writing. The writing system currently incorporates a fabricated Pollard system with standard alphabets from the Latin.
The Shona language is based in Africa between the Niger-Congo regions. This particular language family comprises of up to 1500 languages. Shona is basically a Bantu language with the majority of the languages being spoken those in the Volta-Congo regions.
The fact that the large number of languages is concentrated in a smaller region has convinced most linguists in the world that this region is the birth of other human languages. Among the languages spoken of the family is Swahili that is profound among Bantu populations but is usually spoken as a second language. However, most people are not aware that the Shona is the most spoken indigenous Narrow Bantu language having over eleven million speakers natively in the region.
This type of language is among the rarest in the world with only eight elderly people speaking it and also referred to as chamicolo or chamicura. It is found in Peru and as the current generation in the country is slowly adapting to the Spanish language none of the children in Peru can speak Chimanuro.
Additionally, the language is only official where the eight native speakers reside and for this reason they have set up a collection of words for a dictionary with different meanings just to preserve the native language. Some of the words in Chimanuro are ‘kawaii’ for horse, ‘ma’nali’ for horse, ‘polyo’ for chicken and ‘waka’ for cow. With the current shift in language and culture in the country, there is minimal expectation for the language to survive another decade or two.
According to Ethnologue, the language has only 50 speakers at present in the whole world. It is also referred to as Sarcee and being spoken by a Native American tribe called Tsuu T’ina. The tribe lives in the Southern part of Canada though the language is said to have a close relation to the Najavo language spoken by another Native American tribe in the United States.
No formal or informal writing system has been established by the language which may confirm the fact that history can be orally transmitted but not written down. The current speakers are only older people putting the language at the risk of dying out in the near future.
5 Tok Pisin
Papua New Guinea is one of the countries that are rich in culture despite its small size. The fact that the tiny country has over 800 languages makes it one of the linguistically diverse regions in the world though only three of the languages are recognized as official.
Tok Pisin is one of the three recognized official languages being a fusion of some native and English creole phrases. Unlike other English creole languages, the Tok Pisin is interesting in terms of personal pronouns. Some phrases of the language include ‘gras bilong few’ to mean beard and ‘yumitripela’ referring to both of you and I.
In case there is any language in the world with close similarities to English then it is Frisian. Despite its close ties to English, very few people know of its existence. Frisian and English date their origin back in Western Germany and that is why most speakers of the Frisian language speakers are Dutch people who mostly reside in Germany or Netherlands.
Unlike Scottish that is considered to be more of a dialect that a relative language, the writing system of the Frisian language consists of words and phrases that related to English. Some of the phrases include; ‘en’ for and or ‘frysk’ for fries.
A linguistic research on Solomon Islands found Tamena to be a native language only spoken by four people. Tamena can also be referred to as Tamina or Tetawo. The origin of the language can be traced in cultures such as Central-Eastern, Oceanic, Austronesian and Malayo-Polynesian. However in Solomon Islands the present generation has adapted to speaking the Piji and Taenu languages leaving the Tamena language to extinction.
This only implies that the culture related to the Tamena speaking people will also die with the extinction of the language. Some of the prominent terms in the rare language are ‘wekini’ which means turn, ‘laro’ for swim and ‘la munana’ which means lie down.
This language is interesting since almost everyone is familiar with the word gothic as a dressing style but not Gothic as a language. The origin of this language is in East Germany as a branch of the indigenous languages of the Indo-European family.
The Gothic language is actually extinct though it had its own writing system incorporating a blend of Latin and Greek letters. Moreover, it is among the earliest languages in Germany.
Geographically, Brasque as a language is spoken in the region between France and Spain. However, the language has no living relative therefore thought by some linguists to be a language isolate.
It is spoken by over 600,000 people in the region regardless of this fact. Brasque relatives who are thought to be the original native inhabitants of the area may have been swallowed into other Indo-European languages. The writing system of the language is basically Latin.