Thoth is one of those historical characters that were incorporated by mythology. It passed through the world when the civilizations of the Second Era suffered terrible cataclysms and saw all their culture to be swallowed by the oceans. He was the one who made the bridge between the old and the new world. The Greeks assimilated it to Hermes (later Mercury), under the name of Trismegistus. Thoth (The Egyptian God) was responsible for transmitting the great knowledge of the civilization that died for the new one who was born. He did this through hermetic writings.
He therefore represents, Wisdom as the highest function of our mind. It is the guardian placed between the rational and the intuitive realms. It is the one who allows the articulated expression of intuition, showing the way beyond the limitations of thought.
He is credited with the invention of astronomy, geometry and medicine. Thoth was the measurements of the earth and the stars, the maintainer of all knowledge. Now we will know this divine character of ancient Egypt in different aspects.
So, let’s ready for the 11 things you should know about the Egyptian God Thoth.
1 Ibis As The Incarnation Of The God Thoth
Thoth is usually depicted with the image of an ibis (bird) and because it has a beak resembling the moon, they considered the ibis a sacred animal. He also appears with a baboon’s head. Therefore he is also represented as God Of Moon or Lunar deity.
The Ibis is a long, curled beak-winged bird. There is a black species and a brown plumage with golden reflections, but it was the white ibis, or sacred ibis, which was considered by the Egyptians as the incarnation of the god Thoth.
This bird has part of the head and the whole neck devoid of feathers. Its plumage is white, except that of the head, the extremity of the wings and the tail, that seems black.
The Greek historian Plutarch (c. AD 50 to 125) states that one of the causes for which the Egyptians worshiped this bird is that the variety, disposition and mixture of their black and white feathers offered the image of the rounded Moon.
2 Toth & The Judgement Ceremony
As the Toth knows everything about the world and he is advocate of the entire mankind who serve the case of every person after dying. He is responsible for judging all the virtues and sins of human beings. The judgement then determines the nature of afterlife of a particular person. Toth is highly respected character along with a tribunal of 43 deities, in this ceremony of judgement which is also called Weighing Of The Heart.
Toth was also believed to have all the records of proceeding of the judgment ceremony.
Further a giant scale is used to measure the sins and virtue of the deceased person. This procedure is accomplished by weighing the heart of the dead against the feather (that represents the principle of justice and truth). The feather is itself the divine symbol of Egyptian goddess Maat. Whenever heart and feather both balance equally, the dead soul would be sent to the places of Hetep and iaru (the heavenly paradise of Egyptians). Conversely, a person is supposed to be convicted when his/her heart weighed more than the feather.
3 Toth As The God of Balance
Thoth was the patron of the scribes and the written word. He was also the scribe of the underworld, who recorded the verdict on the dead in Maat’s room, and received the epithets for balancing the truth and justice.
That’s why he is also honored as the “God of Balance” or “Master of Balance.” Thoth kept the library of the gods with the help of the goddess Seshat. He was the scribe of the gods, and was often described as the Lord of the Divine Body, Scribe of the Company of the Gods, the Voice of Ra or “Counselor of Ra,” (along with Maat).
4 Toth & The Eyes Of The Horus
The moon and the sun were initially thought of as the left and right eyes of Horus. According to the legend, the left eye of Horus (the Moon) was wounded in a fight against Set and was restored by Thoth. However, over time the moon came to be associated with Thoth, possibly because the crescent moon resembles the beak of an Ibis. During the Late Period of Egypt, Thoth gained prominence when Khnum became the capital. Archaeologists have found thousands of mummified ibis who were buried with honors in their name.
5 Toth & The Secret Of The Universe
It was said that he was the author of the spells of “Book of the Dead” and “Book of the Winds” (which was also attributed to Isis) and was given the great title of Author of Every Work on All Branches of Knowledge, Human and Divine.
Egyptian mythology talks about the “Book of Thoth”, in which the god wrote all the secrets of the universe. Anyone who reads it would become the most powerful sorcerer in the world, but would be cursed by his knowledge. Needless to say, many people have searched for this text despite the warning.
Some more colorful theories propose that it is hidden in a secret chamber in or near the Great Pyramid. This book is said by some as the “Emerald Tablets of Thoth” a work of dubious authenticity, which suggests that Thoth and the other gods were belong from Atlantis.
6 Thoth As A Great Magician
Thoth was a great magician who knew “everything that is hidden under the celestial vault”. He used his knowledge to help Isis after the murder of her husband Osiris by his brother Set. With the help of Anubis, he created the first mummification ritual and helped to revive Osiris (though in the land of the dead). He also protected Horus, extracting a magical poison from his body when he was very young and supported him in his fight to conquer the throne.
7 Thoth Is The Creator Of Time
Many of the Egyptian religious and civil rituals were organized according to the lunar calendar. As Thoth was associated with writing and the moon, it is perhaps no surprise that he was also connected to the creation of the calendar. As his association with the moon diminished, he became a god of wisdom, magic, and time measurement. In the same way he was considered to measure and record time. By this role he was known by the epithets “He Who Made Calculations Relating to Heavens, Stars and Earth,” “The Counter of Time and Seasons,” and “He Who Measured the Heavens and Planned the Earth.” Thoth was considered the inventor of the 365-day calendar (which replaced the inaccurate 360-day Egyptian calendar).
According to the myth, he gained the extra days while playing with the moon (Iabet or Khonsu) in a dice game to help the goddess Nut. She was pregnant with her husband Geb, but Ra forbade her to give birth on any day of the Egyptian calendar. Thoth gained a portion of the moonlight (1/72), which corresponded to five new days, and Nut gave birth to his five sons in those days (Osiris, Horus, Seth, Isis, and Nephthys).
8 Toth’s Wives & Partner
He was said to be the husband (or sometimes the father) of Seshat, an ancient goddess of wisdom. As time passed, he gradually absorbed Sesput’s major roles, and she was seen largely as his feminine aspect. They had a son named Hornub. In Khnum (Hermopolis), he was the husband of Nehmauit (Nahmauit, Nehmetaway) – goddess of protection.
He was also sometimes considered to be Maat’s husband. Because he could take the form of a baboon like Maat, he was sometimes described as the partner of Astennu (one of the male baboons who lived in the underworld), although it was also stated that Astennu was simply an aspect of Thoth.
9 Toth As Greek God Hermes
The Greeks relates Thoth with the messenger of god Hermes. The two deities were combined to form Hermes Trismegistus and Khmun was renamed Hermopolis (“City of Hermes”). This version of Thoth remains popular among today’s occultists.
In Egyptian mythology, Thoth participated in the myths of Osiris as his vizier. He is a lunar god, and is also the god of time, of magic and of writing. When the sun disappeared, he tried to soften the darkness with his light. He served as an arbiter among the gods. In the Osiris legend, he protected Isis during his pregnancy and healed his son Horus when Seth plucked his left eye.
It was believed that he and Maat were on either side of Ra’s boat (the Sun) as it crossed the skies. He credits himself with the invention of hermetic arts, and thus the Tarot deck, which is often referred to as “The Book of Thoth.” This is why he is considered one of the patrons of the course: Tarot, The Magic and The Práticka, taught by Imagick.
10 Toth Shrines
The major known shrine of this god was found in Khemennu. Other locations with his shrines are – Urit, Rekhui, Hesert, Talmsis, Ta-kens, Abydos, Urit, Per-Ab, Amen-heri-ab, Talmsis, Sep and Ta-ur.
11 Toth Alternative Names
Thoth have many other names including Tahuti, Djehuty, Jehuti, Lord of the Khemenu, Techu and Zehuti.