Much has already been said about Nazca lines. They need no intro. These lines are a mirror of various astronomical constellations until they are runways for ships of beings from other galaxies. How they were made is known to all, but why were they made, continues to be a bewildering mystery.
Unraveled mysteries haunt and intrigue the most. Getting exposed to regular haunting isn’t a viable choice. Once it is all out, it is all calm. Then why wait? Let’s uncover some facts about Nazca lines and its connection to aliens.
1 Location of the Lines
The lines are located in the Nazca Pampas, 460 km south of Lima, Peru. They were constructed by the people of Nazca Culture, approximately between 300 AC and 600 DC. About 10 thousand lines of varied dimensions and forms have been discovered till date.
The lines are dispersed with diversity. Few of them are more detailed than others. Most common forms are zoomorphic, phytomorphic, anthropomorphic and geomorphic. The zoomorphic figures are perhaps the best known.
2 Researches by Maria Reiche
Maria Reiche was a German researcher. She determined that these lines served a particular astronomical function for the Nazca culture. As a part of the astronomical function they were endowed with, the figure of the Frigate Bird, The Monkey, The Hummingbird or The Spider, had a direct relation with the constellations or lunar or sun positions.
For Reiche, the figure of the Giant Bird clearly showed how its beak pointed to the rising sun. For some researchers, this figure is known as the “Annunciator of the Inti Raymi”. In the morning of 20th to 23rd June, if one stands on the head of the bird and directs the view towards the peak, one can observe how it points directly at the sunrise.
3 The Astronaut of Nazca
These enigmatic figures are surrounded by many theories. The most discussed of them is the presence of a being that would apparently have the shape of a modern astronaut.
The German writer Von Daniken published a book “The Answer of the Gods”. In it, he gave the thesis that the lines were landing strips for extraterrestrial ships. This hypothesis was widely believed and a thorough investigation was carried out to decipher the meaning of these lines. Precisely, the figure of the Astronaut garnered most attention as these lines have a direct relation with the extraterrestrial beings.
Recently, the Czech scientists- Jaroslav Klokocník and Frantisek Vítek rejected this theory. They came up with their version, indicating that the supposed astronaut was a fisherman.
In the image, the astronaut is seen holding fishing net in his right hand. At his feet, the figure represents a foot or maybe two feet.
Archaeological evidence supports this new version as the value of fish in the region’s domestic market is known.
4 The Mystery of Nazca Continues
Archaeologists still have no clear answer about the true end of these lines. Various hypotheses about the origin make news, but the truth is still a mystery.
Questions such as:
Could the pre-Inca men of this Peruvian culture have enough technology to realize such interconnected lines?
How could they have notion of forms and distances if these lines can only be contemplated in their true dimension at several feet Tall Or why did they give so much dedication and effort in making the figures?
They still are the subjects of research for various scientists, archaeologists and specialists who have not yet found a clear and definitive answer.
5 Main curiosities about Nazca Lines
The mysteries of the Nazca Lines are long gone. Recent discoveries reveal that not only the drawings were created by the residents who lived in the area, but also gave birth to curiosities about the people who lived there between the years 300 BC and 800 DC. Want to see how?
If there was a large group of workers the drawing would have been done in a day. The larger ones, more than 200 meters in diameter, took a much longer time. The Nazca Lines have more than 70 animal or human figures, while hundreds are lines or geometric figures.
People were beheaded in Nazca as a sacrifice to the gods. This ritual served to ask for water and fertility. The heads were mummified and kept as trophies. Most of these heads were found by archaeologists, but recently a decapitated body was found ceremoniously buried near the drawings.
The lines were not made by extraterrestrials. No evidence of anything comes from another world. There is an enormous amount of evidence showing that the people of Nazca were the author of ceramics found in the region. These ceramics has the same line drawings as the monkey and the spider. The execution was simple yet efficient. The lines were marked by the workers, using wooden trunks, cotton ropes and stones.
The Nazca Lines were for a religious purpose. The drawings had a close relationship with the cycle of human existence- life and death. The archaeologist Christina Conlee studied the site. She stated that the animal designs related to fertility and water. The geometric shapes were probably the places where sacrificial ceremonies and prayers were held, such as an open-air temple.
6 Japanese Archaeologists Claimed to Solve the Mystery of Nazca Lines
Among the Peruvian populations of Nazca and Palpa, lies one of the greatest archaeological mysteries of all time. The arid desert was home to the Nazca culture. The people of Nazca, between 200 BC and 600 AD, created a group of gigantic geoglyphs.
They were visible only from a certain height, forming animal, human and geometric figures.
The archaeologists began to study the figures in the twentieth century. Dozens of theories about its creation made rounds. Today it is certain that the inhabitants of the area created the geoglyphs by removing the reddish stones from the surface so that the white sandstone underneath could be seen.
But what led them to create these gigantic figures?
In the first glance, the archaeologists thought that the lines were nothing but roads. Many powerful theories asserted that the figures constituted “centers of worship” designed to please a divinity situated in the heights. It even formed a gigantic Calendar, whose purpose was to aim at the sun and the celestial bodies.
The figures of Nazca were constructed by at least two well differentiated cultures, with different techniques and symbolisms.
The fact that the Nazca lines were nothing more than roads does not seem the most attractive. A group of Japanese archaeologists who revealed the situation of 100 new Nazca geoglyphs believe that the first theory, which was formulated by the Peruvian anthropologist Julio Cesar Tello – the first to seriously study the site, could be partly successful.
Geoglyphs were created by different groups. Researchers at Yamagata University, led by Dr. Masato Sakai, presented their findings at the annual convention of the American Society of Archeology.
In order to understand the relationship between the different images, Sakai and his colleagues analyzed the location, style and method of construction of the new geoglyphs and discovered that there are four different types of figures that tend to be grouped in different routes, all with the same Destination: the pre-Inca city of Cahuachi.
Between year 1 and 500, the city lived its splendor, and was a center of pilgrimage of the first order. Now it has just one pyramid. It is clearly the capital of the Nazca culture.
7 What is left of the pyramid of Cahuachi?
Researchers have discovered that geoglyphs vary not only in shape, but also in type of construction. Some figures are formed after removing the stones from its interior and others after removing its edges.
According to Japanese archaeologists, the Nazca figures were constructed by at least two well-differentiated cultures, with different techniques and symbolisms. It can be observed in the geoglyphs that trace the way from their area of origin to the city of Cahuachi.
Archaeologists discovered that the drawings changed in the region closest to the Nazca Valley, and the route to Cahuachi. This area has different style of images, characterized mainly by showing supernatural beings and heads as a trophy. A third group of geoglyphs, elaborated by both groups, is located in the Nazca plateau. The space is halfway between both cultures.
8 The Fallacious Book
In 1968, the Swiss writer Erich von Däniken published his book- Memories of the Future. In it he claimed that in antiquity the man had contacted the aliens. It was then that the Nazca lines became popular and began to be associated with all kinds of paranormal phenomena. In von Daniken’s view, geoglyphs were runways for alien ships.
The theory was clueless but the book was a bestseller. Since then, most people think that the Nazca lines can only be seen from above. This is false, since all geoglyphs can be seen from the nearby hills.
The book that popularized the Nazca lines is both fascinating and fallacious.
According to the Japanese archaeologists, the use of Nazca figures changed over time. At first they were created for purely ritual motives, but later they were placed along the road that led to Cahuachi. These figures did not serve to mark the path of pilgrimage, but to encourage the views from it, giving it a ritual meaning.
“Our research shows that the geoglyphs of the formative period were drawn to be seen from the ritual paths,” explains Sakai. “However, the earlier figures, from the early period, were used as ritual centers. For example, intentional destructions of ceramics were made.”
The inhabitants of the area continued to take care of some geoglyphs long after they lost their original use, even after the collapse of Cahuachi.