29 Facts About Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten And His Family

Long before the coming of Jesus Christ, precisely in XVIII Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, a wonderful personage left his deep marks in the evolutionary and spiritual path of our planet.

Akhenaten or also called Aquenatha (its initial name was Amen-hotep IV or, in the Hellenized version, Amenhotep IV) was a great pharaoh of the XVIII Egyptian Dynasty, that governed by 16 years, from 1352 to 1336 BC. It was very important for the history of Egypt, for during his reign he attempted to make several changes in Egyptian culture. So here are some more interesting facts about the great pharaoh Akhenaten and his family.

1 He Advertised A Universal Religion – Cult Of Aten Represented With Solar Wheel

Akhenaten and cult of Aten

The pharaoh Akhenaten idealized the formation of a universalist religion, privileging the cult of Aten in its reign, in spite of the strong influence of Thebes and its god Amon who certainly influenced much the formation of the thought of Akhenaten.

Later, being alive and during the reign of his son, Amenhotep III supported the profound changes promoted by Akhenaten.

Akhenaten’s most important short reign has always been shrouded in many mysteries, largely because of the great transformations he proposed in Egyptian culture.

Akhenaten was always represented with Aton’s solar disc and his arms always protect it.

Akhenaten tried to portray Pharaoh not as a mere mortal, but as a true prophet of Aten and the intermediary between his god and men.

Akhenaten became king at the age of fifteen around 1364 BC, Being a great pharaoh of the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty, he became “the notion of a single God – Aton” for the first time in the history of mankind, who is represented by the solar disc.

2 Pharaoh Akhenaten Claimed To Come From Alien World

Akhenaten from alien world

Long before the Pharaohs, Egyptian history tells that gods descended from the skies in their flying spheres. These gods Neteru, Iris and Isis came from the constellation Orion, from the star of Sirius. They all had something in common: the elongated head.

As described in many ancient cultures, the deformed / elongated skulls were also found in the Egyptian culture also. Akhenaten, would have a strangely elongated head. The ancient pharaohs claimed to come from the direct line of the gods and in the case of Akhenaten, this would be one of the physical evidences of this divine offspring.

Just as in the regions of pre-Columbian cultures, anomalous skulls were found in ancient Egyptian culture and it belongs to one of the greatest pharaohs – Akhenaton, who reigned from c. 1353 to 1338 a.c, is shown with a strangely elongated head.

The ancient Pharaohs of Egypt were said to come from the direct genes of the Gods. Can the genetics of the Gods, the DNA of the Elohim, manifest in this pharaoh?

3 Marfan Syndrome Possess The Similar Physical Characteristics That Akhenaten Had

Marfan Syndrome Possess The Similar Physical Characteristics That Akhenaten Had

Right image of Akhenaton and left image of Nefertiti. “Scientists” can not explain these physical characteristics, so they try to fit Akhenaten into a syndrome called “Marfan”. This syndrome produces enlargement of the features and skull, feminine features and a clear infertility. But it is well known that the pharaoh had at least half a dozen of daughters and this is where the official story does not fit.

4 Nefertiti Was His Cousin Who Also Married To Akhenaten

nefertiti wife of akhenaten

Like Akhenaten, his wife Nefertiti had a strangely elongated skull (Nefertiti would actually be Akhenaten’s cousin, and the marriage of both would have been accomplished by fulfilling Akhenaten’s mother’s desire), the outcome of her genetic inheritance.

5 Amarna Is The Egyptian City Of Akhenaten

Amarna city of Akhenaten

Before the reign of Thebes, Akhenaten changed the capital of Egypt entirely to a new city that he had erected under the name Akhetaten (or Amarna).

6 He Established A Monotheistic Religious Culture

Monotheistic Religious of Akhenaten

The most striking change made by Akhenaten was in the cultural / religious part, when he dismissed the worship of the god Amon and privileged the worship of the god Aton, thus also attempting to employ a monotheistic religious culture.

It was so profound influence on the spiritual sphere upon the everyday life of the Egyptian people. According to many scholars, it is difficult to distinguish between political events and the evolution of their beliefs.

In Egypt, hundreds of gods were worshiped for whom magnificent temples were built. Until the fourteenth century BC, polytheism had always prevailed in the country, giving greater prominence to one, sometimes to another god, depending on the reigning dynasty.

From the ideas in force, the new Pharaoh Akhenaten promoted a profound technical, artistic and above all, religious revolution that influenced the empire to its foundations.

7 Art Of Naturalism With Pharaoh Depiction Took Place Under His Period

art of amarna city

Akhenaten also changed Egyptian art. His reign witnessed the emergence of the so-called “Amarna art”, which is characterized by naturalism (abundance of plants, flowers and birds) and the familiar coexistence of the pharaoh and by a more realistic representation of the characters.

Pharaohs were always represented as slender, broad-shouldered figures, true divinities among humans, but in Amarna art the pharaoh was represented in more realistic forms, sometimes representations reached the point of caricature.

The official art presents the king with an androgynous physiognomy, with an elongated skull, thick lips, broad hips and prominent belly.

8 His Spiritual Knowledge Is A Real Treasure For Us

ancient egypt spirituality

Akhenaten, the Pharaoh who was a true Prince of Peace, has left us an important spiritual legacy, fully valid and precious to humanity in the twenty-first century, which already faces serious problems of a planetary order. Perhaps his teachings enable human beings to rescue their Solar, spiritual and physical roots, helping each of us to find its true place in the Universe, the main objective of our existence on this planet.

9 He Declared Himself The Only Priest & Prophet

Pharaoh Akhenaten only priest and messenger of one god

Akhenaten declared himself to be his only priest and prophet, writing a hymn in which he proclaimed the greatness of the SUN as the creator of all things, and equality among all men.

10 He Changed His Name From Amen-hotep to Akhenaten (Akhenaton)

In the 5th year of his reign the young king decides to change his name. From Amen-hotep (its Greek version is Amenophis), a name meaning “Amun is satisfied” changes to Akhenaten, which in turn means “the acting spirit of Aten”, which represented his repudiation of the god Amon.

The king also declared himself son and prophet of Aten with a divinity represented like a solar disk. Akhenaten instituted the god Aton/Aten as the only deity to be worshiped and Pharaoh himself is the sole representative of that divinity.

However, the god Aton was not a new god in the Egyptian pantheon. Aton was considered by the Egyptians as a visible manifestation of the god Ra-Harakhti and was already mentioned in the Texts of the Pyramids, which are the oldest religious texts found in Egypt.

What is new in the religion introduced by Akhenaten is the central place of Aten, referring other gods to disappearance or to a secondary position. In this way, Akhenaten can be considered the creator of the idea of Monotheism.

11 Akhenaten Wasn’t First To Follow Aten Religion

Akhenaten Wasn’t First To Follow Aten Religion

True, he was not the first adept of the Aten religion. There are traces of the existence of this cult some time before the birth of the groundbreaking pharaoh. However, the new ruler directed the country’s beliefs toward monotheism by declaring him officially the only god.

And that is one of the main reasons why he became known as “the revolutionary pharaoh” being acclaimed as a visionary by some, and considered heretic and even criminal by others.

Prophet or revolutionary – what was he really? Let us try to unravel the matter by knowing more about its history.

12 The Idea Of ‘Doctrine Of Single God’ May Be Inspired By The Extraterrestrials

For some theorists, the idea to change the religion proposed by the pharaoh were inspired by the possible extraterrestrial origin of Akhenaten. The fact that he changed the whole religious structure and introduced a great fight with the powerful clergy, and thus generated a great revolt of this sector of the Egyptian society. Even Pharaoh would need the support of these “nobles”, so why did he buy this fight? What benefits would this change bring?

Ancient god theorists believe that there would be no benefit to the pharaoh in this “fight” Akhenaten, they claim that he did so because he was in fact a being from another world, and such an act would be important for him to spread his message.

Akhenaten was a pharaoh who reigned in a period of great peace, and he made a great contribution in this regard. Peace would be the theme of the supposedly “otherworldly” pharaoh.

13 Rosicrucians Believe Him As A Herald Of The Cosmic Christ

Akhenaten as Herald Of The Cosmic Christ

For the Rosicrucians, Akhenaten would be the Herald of the Cosmic Christ in Egypt. He would be a messenger sent by the Invisible Hierarchy to clear the way. According to their beliefs, such was the prevailing condition in Egypt at that time, and Akhenaten was promoting a new era of spiritual thought.

It was in the midst of this decadent scenario Akhenaten rekindled the spiritual torch that had been erased by idolatry, luxury and abuse of power by both Church and State. Akhenaten carried out it as Christ, a life as a bearer of Light, receiving as exchange betrayals and persecutions.

14 He Was Crowned At The Age Of 15 & Remained In Power For 16 Years

Amenhotep IV – who later became known as Akhenaten – was crowned Pharaoh at the age of 15, taking power and co-regency with his father, at a time when Egypt lived a quiet and prosperous internal situation. His reign lasted 16 years (from 1352 to 1336 BC). Amenhotep III died in the 12th year of the reign of Akhenaten.

15 He Learned The Power Of Patience From His Father Amenhotep III

During the eight years of the co-regency, Amenhotep III can pass on to his son all his experience and also serve as support for the great changes promoted by him. It is also the father who controls the son’s impetuosity, avoiding a confrontation with the clergy of Thebes before the bases of the “Amarnian revolution” had been laid.

Young Amenhotep IV believes that a fair ideal always triumphs, but he also learnt with his father to be patient.

16 His Mother ‘Tiye’ Is Also Responsible For Amenhotep IV’s Mystical Nature

His mother Tiye, who lived during the first six years of his reign, was responsible for structuring the mystical tendencies of Amenhotep IV, bringing him closer to that part of the clergy that was attached to the ancient cults of Egypt, where Aton was the greatest god .

17 He Designed Aton’s Temple With Spiritual Guidelines & Sacred Geometry

Aton’s Temple in Akhenaten reign

His ideal in the implantation of the new ideology banished in every land of Khemi, the stone idols of the temples, demanding that the pictographic representations of the works and salons of the State be removed. It was only the new representation of the unique god “Aton”, creator of the Universe, designated graphically only with a perfect circle, the solar circle.

Aiming to expand his studies of the radiant energy of Aton, Pharaoh built the temple of Aten in the city of Amarna, an exclusive place for meditation and celebration of honors in honor of the unique god and where a possible envoy of his kingdom would be accommodated. The temple was designed to follow spiritual guidelines and sacred geometry.

In the temple of Aten, for the first time, the god had no face, being represented by the Solar Disc. Aton was the sun that illuminated everyone’s life. Immediately it happens to be known like the heretical pharaoh.

18 One Can’t Imagine Akhenaten Without His Wife Nefertiti

akhenaten and nefertiti

One can not understand the work of Akhenaten without knowing the figure of his wife, Nefertiti, the beauty that arrived, as well as the figure of his parents and Amenhotep. According to historians, she was a woman of rare beauty. Being an Egyptian, Nefertiti belonged to a large noble family.

In the reign of Akhenaten, the pharaoh and the queen were responsible for the performance of the cults and were representative figures of this divinity, strengthening the ties with the population.

Being the highest priestess of the cult of Aton, Nefertiti led the female clergy and in this function won the affection and admiration of the people.

She has been able to channel this popular sentiment in order to strengthen her husband’s charisma vis-a-vis Egypt. He lived with the same ardor of Akhenaten with the new spirituality.

19 Meaning Of Nefertiti

Born in the year 1380 BC, Nefertiti, whose name means ‘a beautiful woman has come’, was an Egyptian queen of the eighteenth dynasty who became notable for being the wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten, also responsible for replacing the polytheistic cult with reverence for a single god, the sun-king Aton.

20 Marriage Of Akhenaten At The Age of 12

The marriage, however, occurred when Akhenaten (Amenophis IV) was about 12 years old and Nefertiti was still younger than himself. Akhenaton and Nefertiti eventually transformed their state wedding into a marriage of love.

21 Akhenaten & Nefertiti Is The Most Famous Romantic Couple Of Egyptian Culture

There are many art scenes that portray the loving relationship between them, which in itself shows the intensity of this relationship, since the expression of these feelings was not common in Egyptian art. Indeed, Akhenaton and Nefertiti are, to this day, quoted as an example of one of the most famous romantic couples in history.

22 Akhenaten & Nefertiti Had Six Daughters

With Akhenaton, Nefertiti had six daughters during the nine years of her husband’s reign. They are: Meritaten, Meketaten, Ankhesenpaaten, Neferneferuaten, Neferneferuré and Setepenré.

Despite being a symbol of fascinating beauty even today, little is known about the life of Nefertiti. The queen had great importance in spreading the monotheistic cult with her husband, for she was one of the only ones who could reverence and intercede directly with the sun-king Athon.

23 There Is Contradictions In Different Thesis About Nefertiti

Due to its great popularity, some historians defend the thesis that Nefertiti was assassinated by some priests who defended the polytheism. Other scholars, furthermore, believe that she has become Akhenaten’s co-regent, accumulating more power. This last thesis is raised thanks to a block stone image where the queen appears striking an enemy with an apple, referring to the idea of force.

According to historians, it was she who prepared the young Tut-ankh-Aton to occupy the throne, which later reigned under the name of Tut-ankh-Amon. In the spirit of Nefertiti, this was the only means of preserving monarchical continuity and ensuring a necessary return to order.

However, it is known that after the end of the reign of her husband, Nefertiti disappears mysteriously, because few scriptures and images portray this period of its life. Some archaeologists estimate that she died in the year 1345 BC

24 How Did His Journey Start For Amarna Construction

The idea of the one universal god became more and more consistent for Akhenaten. With wisdom and courage, he was taking steady steps toward building his purpose. It was necessary to materialize the idea. During the fourth year of his reign, Akhenaten defined where the new city would be erected. His choice did not come to chance, but within a symbolism consistent with the new doctrine.

The city would be called Tell el Amarna which means The Horizon of Aten, therefore, The City of the Sun. It was located near the Nile, therefore, near the line of Egypt and halfway between Memphis and Thebes, that is, symbolically would be the point of balance between the material world and the spiritual world.

Altogether there were four years for the construction of Amarna with 8 km of length and maximum width of 1.5 km, with large and wide streets, parallel to the Nile. Only in the sixth year it was officially announced the founding of the city of Amarna.

The proclamation received full support from the clergy of Heliopolis. Amarna became the new theological city where a unique solar god would be worshiped. With the construction of Amarna, where man had never worked in a place, Akhenaten proves that he is not a dreamy mystic, but someone committed to building his ideals, willing to make a new era of God-consciousness.

Amarna is not a common city, but a symbol of a new form of civilization, where human relations, from religion to the economy, were modified. It was a way of giving an intelligible form of his ideas to men. It was the theater of a fantastic attempt to implant monotheism.

There were people of all nations who became subjects of Akhenaten’s disciples. It was just like to try to defy the unknown and plunge into the adventure of new knowledge, believing that the sun of justice and love would never cease.

25 Amarna Art Was Much Influenced By Akhenaten Thoughts

Egyptian art was particularly influenced during the reign of Akhenaten, being historically classified as the Amarnian Art. In an extremely innovative way for the time, it records the pharaoh’s vision of man and the universe. For the first time there are works showing family life, which is in line with Akhenaten’s conception that the divine flow must pass through the family organism. In some works, also appear members of the real nude family, as an indication of the need for interior transparency. This theme of the transparency of being is present in the universal mystique.

26 Amarna Temples Haven’t Secret Rooms For Pharaoh & Priests

For Akhenaten, it is essential to preserve a “circulation of energy” between the soul and the world of the living. In reality, there is no rupture between the apparent and the hidden. In the religion of Egypt there is no death, only a series of transformations whose laws are eternal. In Amarna, temples are fully visited by all and there are no more secret rooms inside which only priests and Pharaoh can enter.

27 Amarna Was Destroyed Quickly After The Death Of Akhenaten

The implantation of the new religious order has become almost the only task deserving the attention of the pharaoh. With this, he did not fight against the internal movements of those who felt harmed by the new order.

Around the twelfth year of his reign, upon the death of Amenhotep III, these internal movements took shape and external hostilities worsened.

Akhenaten, however, faithful to his religious principles, refused to take on the attitudes of war, believing that he could conquer his enemies with the power of Aton’s love.

At this point, Akhenaten’s health shows signs of weakness, and he decides to introduce a new pharaoh. In Amarna, Nefertiti had begun the preparation of Tut-ankh-Aton, according to Pharaoh’s son-in-law, for the line of succession, since the couple did not have a male child. Akhenaten, however, chooses Smenkhkare, initiating with him a co-regency of the throne.

Although there are no clear records on this period, it seems that during the co-regency, which lasted 5 or 6 years, Nefertiti dies, and his loss is too strong a blow to Akhenaton, who dies shortly afterwards..

Semenkhkare also died at about the same time, leaving the throne of Egypt empty and allowing the priests of Thebes the indication of Tut-ankh-Aton, who immediately changed his name to Tut-ankh-Amon, indicating that Amon returned to be the supreme god from Egypt.

Because Tut-ankh-Amon was very young and lacked the structure of his predecessors, Tut-ankh-Amon allowed the return of the influence of Thebes, who, in turn, spared no effort to destroy the entire Akhenaten legacy, including the city of Amarna.

Faced with such a religious reform, although they were considered spiritual, the Egyptians did not see themselves ready to accept such an innovative concept. The death of Pharaoh was sufficient for the stone idols to return inside the houses and the city of Amarna to be quickly destroyed.

28 Would Akhenaten Be The First Incarnation Of Jesus?

Some scholars theorize that Akhenaten was actually the first incarnation of Jesus Christ. These theories are based on the fact that the message they both disseminated is more or less the same; love of neighbor and peace, not to mention some common evidence between Christianity and the religion imposed by Akhenaten, as you can see below in the hymn of Aten. This hymn is taken to be very similar to Psalm 104 of the Old Testament.

The Hymn to Aton

You are beautiful on the horizon, O radiant Aton, fountain of Life!
When you stand in the east of heaven, your splendor embraces all lands.
You are beautiful, you are great, you are radiant.
Your rays surround all the lands that you have created,
All lands are united by the rays of your love.
You are so far away, but its rays touch the ground;
You are so high, but your feet move on the dust.
You are life, for you we live,
The eyes turned to your glory, until the time when, immensely, you gather …
You have created the seasons to reborn all your works.
Thou hast created the far heaven to ascend.
The earth is in your hands, as you have created men.
If you are born they live, if you die they die.
You are properly the duration of life, and you live only through yourself!

29 Nefertiti’s Unsolved Mystery

Nefertiti’s mummy was never found. Archaeologist June Fletcher claimed she found Nefertiti’s badly-mutilated mummy in a side chamber of the Tomb of Amenhotep II in the Valley of the Kings. Akhenaten elevated Nefertiti to divine status. Scholars suggest that she may have been only 12 when married to Akhenaten. Some archaeologists estimate that she died in the year 1345 BC. Little is known about the life of Nefertiti. The queen had great importance in spreading the monotheistic cult with her husband, for she was one of the only ones who could reverence and intercede directly with the sun-king Aton.

References:
The Amarna Letters , Moran, W. L., Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press, 1992
Tell el Amarna , Petrie, W. M. F., London, Methuen & Co. 1894

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