On the green countryside of Wiltshire and under the shadow of Stonehenge, one of the largest and oldest prehistoric structures lies, that is, the Stone Circles of Avebury. Surprisingly, the place is less crowded and best of all, it’s free to visit. The road to Avebury crosses beautiful villages in the English countryside, surrounded by pastures and sheep. As we move towards the destination, there are rows of planted stones resembling a battle squadron. Compilation 11 team brought the top 10 most fascinating facts about the Avebury stone circle and its nearby places.
1 Construction Of Avebury
The construction of this spectacular place dates back more than 5000 years. In 1986, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site. Originally the complex had 98 stones that formed a great circle of diameter 335 meters. Inside it are two other smaller circles of 98 and 108 meters of diameter. Now unfortunately only a few stones are conserved since the passage of Saxons, Romans, Vikings, and the different tribes that settled. They contributed to the deterioration and loss of such a valuable treasure.
2 Avebury Circle & Devil Chair
The vast majority of the houses in the village are built with monument stones. It is said that inside the circle is a place of great energy where the strange phenomena are the order of the day. As early as the 13th century, Christianity in the area associated the ruins with the devil due to a large epidemic of black plague that struck the town. There remain some great construction, such as “the chair of the devil”, “Devil’s Bag” or “Devil’s Den”.
There is also a group of stones corresponding to a large circle. The stones have been replaced by a few mounds of cement that gives an idea of their arrangement in the past. In total there are 4 stones located in each of the Cardinal points.
3 Avebury Stone Circles & Its Surroundings
The peak of the site overlooks a large part of the hedge and the southern circle. Normal weather remains windy and cold. There also lies a mound of huge tree full of ties, gums and various junk. It is believed that the roots of this and other nearby trees are magical and have their own spirit. They live like magical beings known as “elemental”. People tie ties and other things to ask for wishes and they believe it gets fulfilled.
4 Alexander Keiller Museum – Avebury
The circles have some other interesting places like the Museum Alexander Keiller. The museum shows the important work performed by archaeologist Keiller, since 1930. The entrance to the museum costs £ 4.40 for adults and $ 2.20 for children. The opening hours are from 1000 to 1800 hours in summer and 1000-1600 hours in winter.
5 Avebury Manor
The Avebury Manor is a sixteenth century stately mansion that was built on the site of an ancient monastery owned by the Abbey of St.Georges de Boscherville Normandy. It has been owned by different tenants, of whom the most famous was Alexander Keiller. His family settled in the house for some time while he studied the famous circles. It is believed that some stones of the building belong to prehistoric period.
A BBC program showed the remodeling of all rooms of the property to show the lives of its inhabitants over the years. This program lifted its name higher in the book of fame. Today it is possible to visit the house, go through its 9 restored rooms and get lost in the gardens.
6 St James Avebury Church
The church opens up with a rickety door. To a movie buff, it may seem like a place that comes out in horror movies. This church was built around the year 1100 in Gothic style and houses the most prominent interiors. A 15th century gate guards the Great Cross, one of the most revered objects of the early church.
This wonder was saved from being destroyed after the reform of Elizabeth I of England. Thanks to someone who dismounted and hid it behind a plaster wall on the east wall of the temple. It was not until 1810 that it was found again and restored.
Lychgate was a kind of door roof built in 1899 that served as a waiting room for caskets before entering the church.
7 Avebury Village
One can walk through the streets to enjoy the pretty houses, cottages and those that usually go out in stories with thatched roofs and painted white with a Avebury village small garden at the entrance.
8 Silbury Hill
In addition to the famous circle there are other prehistoric constructions nearby. Silbury Hill is an artificial mound 40 meters high. It was built in clay and chalk, about 4700 years ago. The purpose behind it is unclear but various investigations and legends believe that it could be some place of burial, cultivation or a sacred site. What is certain is that the Romans settled down on the slopes of the hill.
9 West Kennet Long Barrow
West Kennet Long Barrow is situated on top of a hill. This mound was used as a burial site in the Neolithic era for over 1000 years and consists of a large hall of 100 meters (the longest in Britain), with side chambers. The site, as the legends tell, is not free of ghosts either. It is said that every June 24, the figure of a priest dressed in white accompanied by a large dog appears in the vicinity. Now that’s obviously why one would not want to be there that night!
10 The Sanctuary
The Sanctuary is a place built around 3000 BC and was joined by West Kennet Avenue, 2.5 kilometres, with the famous circles. At the site, 162 holes were found. The holes contained wooden sticks so they are believed to hold some kind of roof used for some ritual. Now only the concrete posts remain since everything there has been destroyed by the different residents of the area.
Avebury is an impressive place, enigmatic and for luck of those who go there, free. Do visit it.