Rudolf Steiner entered the world in Kraljevec, at the Austro-Hungarian border, on 27 February 1861. Steiner was a philosopher, educator, artist and an esotericist. He was the founder of Anthroposophy, Waldorf Pedagogy, biodynamic agriculture, anthroposophy medicine and Euritimia. Together with the collaboration of his wife, Marie Steiner-von Sivers, he created Euritimia.
Not only this, he even lectured, authored books, contributed immensely to Anthroposophy, its medicine movement and much more. Without wasting much, let’s shift our focus on getting to know more facts about Rudolf Steiner.
1 His entry in Philosophy
Post studies, he began to publish the scientific works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1883. He became thoroughly acquainted with Goethe’s work, wrote numerous works on it, and devoted himself to explaining the thought of the German author. At the same time he wrote about philosophical matters.
2 Development of Anthroposophy
Steiner lived in Berlin, Germany. He survived as a writer of a literary magazine and continued to follow a trajectory of lecturer and writer. He went on to develop the Anthroposophical Spiritual Science, or Anthroposophy. Initially he exposed it connected to the Theosophical Society and, disconnected from this, he founded under the name of Anthroposophical Society.
3 Steiner & His Contribution To The Anthroposophical Society
The headquarters of the Anthroposophical Society, called Goetheanum, was built in Dronarch. The Free School of Spiritual Science is currently located there. The first Goetheanum was destroyed by a fire in 1922. It was rebuilt and has important participation in Steiner’s work as a major center of contributions to the fields of Human Knowledge.
Steiner, among other works, dedicated himself mainly to the fields of Social Organization, Agriculture, Architecture, Medicine, and Pedagogy; also Pharmacology and in the treatment of children with Down syndrome, within the Healing Pedagogy.
Offering alternatives beyond the material conditions of solutions to all the problems it dealt with, Steiner gained worldwide recognition. On all continents, centers of Anthroposophical activities have emerged as practical developments in the Spiritual Science developed by him.
4 Spiritual Science
One can summarize Steiner’s Anthroposophy as a way of reaching a supra-sensible knowledge of the reality of the world and of human destiny. The content of this summary is complex and refers to a study of extreme depth and discipline, coupled with a method of precise methodical exercises, and an aim of revealing in man the divine that lies dormant in man. Anthroposophy is the body of concepts derived from Spiritual Science. It places the Antrophos (Man) as an effective participant of the spiritual world through their higher bodies, thus making evident the concept of Theos (God).
Spiritual Science is the means of direct conscious experience with the spiritual world, so it is not a form of mysticism. It is called science because its results can be verified by anyone who is prepared in this sense through inner work. It is an exact knowledge that can be accessed by thinking, provided that it is developed for this by daily work (concentration exercise, memory review, pure action, pure perception, etc.).
Steiner’s entire work, all published, contains about 350 volumes with his books and cycles with more than 6,000 lectures that have been shorthanded. Few remarkable ones are-
The Art of Waldorf Education, The Occult Science, The Spiritual Direction Man And Humanity, The Child Education According to The Spiritual Science, Education Thought Practice, The Freedom Philosophy, Occult Physiology, The Mission Of Souls Of People, Morals Theosophical, The Science Of Goethe Work, Spiritual Causes Of Conflict Between Generations; How Karma Works, How to overcome The Need Animic Of Our Era?, Basic Lines To A Knowledge Theory In Worldview From Goethe; Knowledge Of Higher Worlds; The initiatory Knowledge; Christianity As Fact Mystic; The Gospel According to John; The Gospel According to Luke; The Gospel According to Matthew; The Social Future; The Father our; What is The Angel Activity In our Astral Body?; Theosophy – Introduction to Knowledge Super-Sensitive The World And Human Destiny; Truth and Science.
Steiner defined anthroposophy as “a path of knowledge to guide the spiritual from the human to the spiritual of the universe.” The goal of the anthropologist is to become “more human” by raising his consciousness and deliberating on his thoughts and actions; that is, to become a spiritually free being.
Spiritual science or Anthroposophy (knowledge of the human being) is a philosophy and practice that was erected by Rudolf Steiner. He presents it as a way to search for the truth that fills the abyss, historically created since the scholastic between faith and science. In Steiner’s view, reality emerges in the meeting of the worlds of idea and perception.
Steiner states that when thinking about thinking, we begin to access a different consciousness from the everyday. The first experience we can have is of a concept that has no corresponding perceptions of the world. It is also the experience of the own self.
7 Epistemological References
The epistemological basis of anthroposophy is contained in The Philosophy of Liberty, as well as in his doctoral thesis, Truth and science. These and several other books by Steiner anticipated the gradual overcoming of Cartesian idealism and Kantian subjectivism of twentieth-century philosophy. Like Edmund Husserl and Ortega y Gasset, Steiner was deeply influenced by the works of Franz Brentano, and had read Wilhelm Dilthey in detail.
Through his earlier epistemological and philosophical books, Steiner became one of the first European philosophers to overcome the disruption between subjects and object that Descartes, classical physics, and various complex historical forces recorded in the human mind over several Centuries.
8 Steiner’s Contribution To The Anthroposophical Medicine Movement
Steiner has given several lectures to doctors. The lectures has resulted in the Anthroposophical medicine movement springing up around the world and now includes thousands of doctors, psychologists and therapists, and its own hospitals and medical universities.
Other practical aspects of anthroposophy include: organic architecture (the seat of the General Anthroposophical Society, Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, is a sample of this architecture), biodynamic agriculture, infant and juvenile education (Waldorf pedagogy), Anthroposophic pharmacy (Wala, Weleda, Sirimim), the new art of eurhythmy (movement as visible verb and sound), and curative pedagogy and social therapy, in which the centers called Camphill Villages are highlighted. The site of the Anthroposophical Society in Brazil contains numerous details on all these and other practical applications of Anthroposophy.
Anthroposophy has its detractors. Critics have designated it as a cult with similarities to New Age movements. There is no cult within Anthroposophy, but even if it existed, it would be one that strongly emphasizes individual freedom. Some critics maintain that anthropologists tend to elevate Steiner’s personal views, many of which are alien to the views of orthodox religions, science and the humanities, at the level of absolute truths. If there is any truth in this criticism, most of the fault lies not with Steiner, but with his followers. Steiner frequently urged his followers to test everything he said, and on many occasions even wrote and begged them not to take anything he said based on faith or authority.
9 A Look At Steiner’s Timeline
|1861||Born on February 27, in Donji Kraljevec (Low Kralevec – engage the Rudolf Steiner link at the top right of this page), in the region called Medjimurje, Croatia, between Hungary and Slovenia (*), the son of an employee of the railroad . Parents came from Austria. Childhood and youth in various cities of Austria.|
|1872-1879||Gymnasium and college in Wiener-Neustadt (near Vienna).|
|1875-1889||Teacher for his own classmates, especially math and science.|
|1879-1883||Graduate studies at the Vienna Polytechnic (Wiener Technische Hoschschule)
Goethe’s profound study
|1882-1897||Editor of Goethe’s scientific works for the edition “Deutsche National Literatur” by J. Kürschner.
The 5 volumes are in GA 1a-e.
|1884-1890||Private teacher of the 4 children of a family from Vienna, especially one who was hydrocephalic, and who scarcely knew how to read; helped him to the point that he finished his studies, became doctor, having died in 1a. World War.|
|1886||Activity in the edition “Duchess Sophia” of the complete works of Goethe.
Publication of Basic Lines of a Goethe Theory of Knowledge with Special Attention to Schiller (GA 2)
|1888||Editor of the German Magazine (Deutsche Wochenschrift) in Vienna (GA 31).
Lecture at the Institut Goethe in Vienna: “Goethe as the father of a new aesthetic” (in GA 30).
|1890-1897||Collaborator of the Schiller-Goethe Archive in Weimar. Edition of the scientific works of Goethe.|
|1891||PhD in Philosophy at the University of Rostock, Germany.
Publication of the expanded thesis: Truth and Science – Prelude to a Philosophy of Freedom (GA 3).
|1894||Meeting with Haeckel; Beginning of correspondence with him (GA 38).
Publication of what he considered his most important work, and what would last: The Philosophy of Liberty (GA 4).
|1895||Publication of Friedriech Nitzsche, a fighter against his time (GA 5).|
|1897||He moved to Berlin, where he was the editor (until 1900) of the Magazine of Literature (Magazin für Literatur, in GA 31). There he decisively opposed anti-Semitism and the Dramaturgische Blätter with OEHartleben GA 29-32).
Activities in the Free Drama Society (Freie dramatischen Gesellschaft), in the Giordano Bruno League, and in others.
Publication of The Goethe Worldview (GA 6).
|1899-1904||Professor at the Training School for Workers (Arbeiter-Bildungsschule) in Berlin founded by W. Liebeknecht.|
|1900||Beginning of the activity of lecturer on Anthroposophical themes by invitation of the Theosophical Society in Berlin; In his lectures under the Theosophical Society, he conveyed only the results of his own esoteric research.
Publication of Conceptions of life and world in the century. XIX, amplified in 1914 for Enigmas of the philosophy in its history, presented like outline (GA 18)
|1901||Publication of The mystique at the beginning of the spiritual life of the new times, and its relation to the modern cosmovisao (GA 7)|
|1902||Assumed the General Secretariat of the German Theosophical Society.
On the same day, he gave a lecture entitled “An Anthroposophy”. Publication of Christianity as mystical fact and the mysteries of antiquity (GA 8)
|1902-1912||Intensive activity of lecturer in Berlin and throughout Europe, laying the foundations of Anthroposophy.
Marie von Sievers became her constant collaborator.
|1903||Foundation of Luzifer magazine, later Luzifer-Gnosis (GA 10-12, 34).|
|1904||Publication of Theosophy – Introduction to supra-sensible knowledge and destiny of the human being (GA 9)|
|1905||First writings on trimembrada social organization (GA 34).
Publication of How to acquire knowledge of the higher worlds (GA 10), Chronicle of the Akasha (GA 11) and The steps of higher knowledge (GA 12)
|1906||Meeting with Edoudard Schuré; Marie von Sievers had been in charge of the translation of his works.|
|1907||Organized the world congress of the Theosophical Society, in Munich, and introduced artistic activities for the first time.|
|1910||Publication of The Hidden Science, an Outline (GA 13)|
|1910-1913||His 4 Mystery Dramas are staged for the first time, one each year in Munich (GA 14).|
|1911||Publication of The Spiritual Direction of Human Being and Humanity (GA 15).|
|1912||Introduction of new body expression arts, Eurythmy (GA 277a), and Art of Speech (GA 281).
Publication of A Path to Self-Knowledge of the Human Being in 8 Meditations (GA 16) and the Soul Calendar (GA 40).
|1913||Separation of the Theosophical Society and foundation of the Anthroposophical Society.
Publication of The threshold of the spiritual world (GA 17).
|1913-1923||Construction of the first Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, a true work of art in wood. Several buildings in Dornach with his design.|
|1914||Marriage with Marie von Sievers (henceforth Marie Steiner).
Publication of Enigmas of Philosophy in its History, presented as a sketch (GA 18).
|1914-1924||In lectures in Dornach, Berlin and in many cities throughout Europe, he gave an indication for renewal in many areas of human activity: art, pedagogy, science, social life, medicine, pharmaceuticals, therapies, agriculture, architecture, theology.|
|1916||Publication of On the Puzzles of Humans (GA 20).|
|1917||Publication of On the Puzzles of the Soul (GA 21).|
|1918||Publication of Goethe’s spirituality in his manifestation in “Faust” and his “Tale of the green snake and the white lily”|
|1919||Intensive activity as a writer and lecturer, mainly in southern Germany, on his ideas of social organization, the Social Organization Trimming with the publication of The Social Issues (GA 23), articles in GA 24 and lectures in GAs 328 -341. In the fall of Europe, the founding of the Free Waldorf School in Stuttgart (GA 293-295), directed by him until his death; This school exists today, on Haussmanstrasse.|
|1920||First course for physicians (spiritual science and medicine, GA 312), starting the application in what would become the Anthroposophical Medicine .|
|1921||Foundation of the weekly Das Goetheanum , with its regular contributions (GA 36, 260a). This publication, in tabloid form, continues to be edited to this day. The first clinical foundation Anthroposophical in Arlesheim, Switzerland, by Ita Wegman, existing today ( Ita Wegman Klinik ).|
|1922||Foundation of the religious renewal movement Community of Christians, by priests under his guidance. Publication of Cosmology, Religion and Philosophy (GA 25). On the night of the passage to the year 1923 the Goetheanum was set afire criminally. The next day, he continued his lectures in the attached cabinet.|
|1923||Home design and manufacture of models for the second. Goetheanum, which it would be built after his death, now in apparent concrete. At the Christmas Congress, found the new General Anthroposophical Society (“Allgemeine Anthroposophische Gesellschaft”), now under his direction.|
|1923-1925||He wrote his autobiography My Life (GA 28) weekly, which was inconclusive (covering his life until 1907). Collaborated with Dr. Ita Wegman in the book on Anthroposophical Medicine, Fundamentals for an Extension of Medical Art according to the Knowledge of Spiritual Science (GA 27), his only book in co-authorship.|
|1924||Course on agriculture in Koberwitz (Foundations of Biodynamic Agriculture – new life for the land, GA 327), giving rise to biodynamic agriculture. Course on Healing Pedagogy (GA 317), giving rise to this branch of application of Anthroposophy. After intense activity of lectures and courses in recent years, and one last on September 28, for members of the Society. It also marked the beginning of a fatal disease.|
|1925||Death in Dornach on March 3.|