The incredibility of air transport lies in the fact that it comes with multiple utilities. Be it flying, fighting or anything alike. In warlike conflicts, airplanes present the most needed utility. The World War II ended 70 years ago. Also incidentally, it marked the creation of the term “kamikaze” (“divine wind”).
The word originated in 13th century Japan when a Mongol invasion under Kublai Khan was destroyed by a typhoon.
Kamikazes were the pilots who were trained to defend the motherland and their families. They gave themselves in the fight against the Allies (United States, Great Britain, France and Russia).
The first official performance i.e. the first real kamikaze attack occurred on October 25, 1944 at 10:47, in the full archipelago of the Philippines. Five Mitsubishi A6M Zero aircraft attacked the US aircraft carrier USS St. Lo on Samar Island. They had no mark of fear of death – after all, they were there for that. Half an hour of bombing and the ship and 140 US military personnel lost it all. The Japanese went mad toward destruction, glory and death. Seventeen years later, the kamikaze pilots made history.
Today, we at Compilation11 bring out 15 facts about the Kamikaze and their wars.
1 Bizarre Attack In The Philippines
Five Mitsubishi A6M Zero squadron led by Yukio Seki on Samar Island (Philippines) hit the aircraft carrier USS St. Lo on October 25, 1944. This was the first kamikaze attack in the history of the world. The fire hit the main bunker and killed 140 soldiers. It was there that the myth of the Kamikaze pilots began, that they would do everything until they died to defend their wives.
And they were considered by the Shinto religion as the “guardian spirits of the fatherland.”
2 Three Years Before Pearl Harbor
The suicide attacks arose during a crisis in the Japanese Empire. The attack on Pearl Harbor took place on December 7, 1941, on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Whole episode of ammunition exchange resulted in the destruction of 21 ships, 347 planes, and death of 2,800 people. The toll of injured was up to the tune of 1,200.
The Japanese used the Mitsubishi A6M Zero. However, things were changed in 1943. The US produced the technically superior Hellcat F6F. In the Battle of the Philippine Sea on June 19 and 20, 1944, the Japanese Empire lost 600 aircraft. Another 500 were lost at the Battle of Formosa between 10 and 20 October 1944.
3 From Action To An Action Film
Ben Affleck and the beautiful Kate Beckinsale star in Pearl Harbor (2001), depicting the Kamikazes. The plot revolves around Yankee soldiers serving at Pearl Harbor Base in the Pacific Ocean with the local nurses. The couple turns into a love triangle. The triangle has to be kept a secret from the Japanese. They arrive in Pearl Harbor with terror, with explosions, pyrotechnics and a lot of fire. All credits are due to the director Michael Bay.
4 Summoned Kamikazes
Most of the kamikaze ranks were students who got summoned at universities. The Hiroito’s empire warned that for young people, the decision to become a kamikaze was voluntary. Japanese were good-natured and endured real torture during training.
They were given a session of brainwashing and taught to serve the emperor, sacrifice for their country and eliminate the enemy, even if it cost them their own lives. Even the Navy and Army military officers became kamikaze, but with no volunteer work.
5 Be Dead Than Prisoner
Soon after becoming kamikazes, they began to thicken the ranks of the Special Attack Unit – in Japanese, Tokubetsu Kōgekitai. The Navy’s crew was the Divine Wind Special Attack Unit-type Shinpu Tokubetsu Kõgekitai. The sympathetic name recalls the storms that rid the face of Japan of the mongoose attacks in June 1281, led by Emperor Kublai Khan.
Only the Americans called the Japanese suicide pilots “kamikaze.” Japan did not recognize the existence of “prisoners of war”. For them, capture by the enemy was more feared than death itself.
6 Divine Slayer
Historical accounts tell that more than 2,500 Japanese pilots moved to a better one in the wars. With a good aim, they killed five thousand Allied soldiers (the United States, England, France and Russia) and injured more than 4,000.
However, sunken ships are controversial. The Japanese said they sank 81 ships and put a bullet in another 195. The United States said they had only 34 boats sunk by the Japanese and that 368 were hit. The story goes that 47 ships from the United States were sunk – 4,900 sailors died and 4,800 were injured.
7 Kamikaze – Letter Men And Destroyers At The Same Time
The kamikazes know exactly what they have to do. Even the less intelligent were given two lessons. Number 1: Destroying aircraft carriers. Number 2: Not to close your little eyes when the plane dive.
The kamikaze wrote farewell letters to the family. The Japanese government now wants recognition of the letters by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Fund (UNESCO) in the program “Memory of the world”. They want to show the cruelty of war to the world and what it can do, like kamikaze missions.
8 Kamikaze Missed Too!
Those who think that the kamikazes did not miss the targets are wrong. The pilots hit a mere 11.6 percent of the 3,300 planes attacked during World War II. 27.5% of them returned to base. Reasons may be many- either the weather was bad for an attack or they did not find the enemy Yankees or the fuel was running out or they repented.
Poor thing was the humiliation by the bosses. As of July 1945, the actions declined and the kamikazes looked good just waiting for a US invasion. And, believing that the Japanese would only surrender with the death, the Americans had sent to see.
First was an atomic bomb in Hiroshima. Three days later, shovel, in Nagasaki. Finally on August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito threw in the towel and the country surrendered to the Allies.
9 Kamikaze Isn’t Just About War
With the end of World War II, the scheme of kamikaze pilots came to an end. And with them, their airplanes without parachute, with the doors closed, without landing gear would detonate. But the legend around these audacious defenders of the motherland and the women themselves has raised other flights. The term Kamikaze has been used in literature, music, cinema, fashion (tennis) and even amusement parks.
10 Killer Sports With Kamikaze
Kamikaze was produced by the Reebok brand and worn by superstar Shawn Kemp of the former Seattle Supersonics team in the 1995-96 NBA season, the Mecca of world basketball. Tennis has gained another version in marine tone, made of leather and nubuck with Hexalite cushioning.
Not bad for those who faced Michael Jordan, Larry Bird and Magic Johnson on the court.
11 Kamikaze Is To Eat Or Drink?
It may seem incredible that the kamikaze is for drinking too. The drink is easy to make and inspired by the Japanese pilots of the Second War. Take 30 ml of Vodka, 30 ml of Cointreau, 30 ml of lemon juice and ice. Put the ice in the glass; pour the ingredients into the shaker. Stir and throw the ice in the glass. Add a slice of lemon to make it look nicer. Then just take it.
12 A Kamikaze Singer
The MO (Karen Marie Aagaard Ørsted Andersen) surrendered to the term and composed the song “Kamikaze”. She is a Danish artist and songwriter.
13 Thiago & The Kamikaze Of The Ghetto
Thiago and the Kamikazes of the Ghetto is the name of a band that dared to tarnish the memory of the Kamikaze pilots. They sang rap and even liked the Manos and mines of the state.
14 Terror In The Amusement Park
Most of the small parks in Brazil have a toy called Kamikaze. It consists of two towers, with individual seats and acts as a pendulum while accelerating on a 360° turn. A tower turns to one side. The other tower turns to the other side at the same time. It goes up and down and the moment of tension is when the towers stop together, upstairs, with customers upside down. That is, pay to enter, pray to leave.
15 A Cuddly Manga
A manga (comic book of Japanese origin, which reads backwards) called Kamikaze was also created. It was written and designed by Satoshi Shiki. The manga was published in the magazine- Afternoon between 1998 and 2003. In the United States, the translation of the manga’s seven volumes was released by Tokyopop between 2006 and 2008.
The story goes like this: A thousand years ago, 88 beasts appeared on Earth who were attacking mankind. Five elemental warriors confronted the beasts. They were arrested and cursed the warriors of Heaven, Wind and Fire. There, their descendants will be able to free the beasts to destroy humanity. Take the kids out of the room.