In Ancient Rome, The Arc De Triomphe or arches or triumphal arches are counted as one of the most monumental structures ever built. The motive of such construction is to commemorate the military victories that gave rise to one of the most outstanding empires in Western history.
Most of the Roman provinces had erected arches to commemorate the generals, soldiers, craftsmen, and a galaxy of many more happenings and victories. For instance- there are Roman Arches of Triumph in Gallia (such as Orange), Hispania (Medinaceli, Cáparra or Bará, for example), in North Africa (Sbeitla, Timgad or Volúbilis, among others) or in the Middle example).
After the fall of the Roman Empire, new style of erecting Arches of Triumph reappeared. It was the time of neoclassicism, and marked the building of arches for military purpose, commemoration, or decorative use.
This list holds the 10 Roman arches ever built. Lets know – which all !!
1 The Triumphal Arch Of Orange
The Triumphal Arch of Orange is located in Orange town in the south of France. Built in 1st century, it is one of the oldest arch still preserved in good condition.
It was erected in honor of the veterans of the Gallic Wars. The Gallic War is the outcome of military conflict; after which Roman troops subdued major portion of the Western Europe at the hands of Julius Caesar. The territories included vast territories of today’s France, Belgium and Switzerland.
The Triumphal Arch of Orange was built in the time of Augustus and is a 20 meters tall classic construction decorated with Corinthian columns, military reliefs and diverse inscriptions.
2 The Arch Of Triumph In Palmyra
As per the news reports, Palmyra Triumphal Arch of 2nd century has been destroyed by the ISIS during the bloody war in Syria. The Arc of Triumph commemorated the military victories of Rome against the Parthians.
It was the Emperor Septimius Severuswho was responsible for its construction.
The Arch of Palmira is located in the middle of the Via Colonnata that crossed the ancient Roman city. The design comprises of three arches with the central one that seems much higher. The structure is simpler than the Arch of The Orange Triumph.
3 The Arch Of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine is one of the arches that belong to the Ancient Rome and stands out in the Italian capital. Erected to a height of 21 meters, the arch commemorates the military victories of Emperor Constantine (his victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge that confronted Maxentius). The arch is situated very close to the Colosseum and was built using brick and marble.
Such arches are very common in Ancient Rome. There are several that are located relatively close to the Arch of Constantine. One of them, the Arch of Septimius Severus that commemorates the victories of African Emperor, in the same forum and built more than 100 years ago. Its model will be based on the design of the Arch of Constantine Apertures with the mean higher than the lateral ones.
The triumphant Emperors crossed the Arches of Constantine, Titus and Septimius Severus, returning with victorious army from nearby way that is what was known as the Triumphal Way.
4 The Arc de Triomphe Of Paris, 1806
The Arc de Triomphe in Paris is one of the most famous in the world and one of the must-see visits in Paris. Napoleon Bonaparte passed the order of its construction in order to mark the victory at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1806.
The triumphal arch of Paris was the celebration of a military victory. The arch is 50 meters in height and is located in the square of L’Etoille, right in the Parisian Champs Elysees.
Surprisingly, Arc de Triomphe of Paris is one of the best watchtowers of the city. The military victories of Napoleon is engraved on the internal walls of the arch nd the name of some of the best military personnel of the time.
5 The Triumphal Arch Of Chişinău, 1840
The Triumphal Arch of Chisinau is situated in the Chisinau – capital of Moldavia, and lies in Stefan Cel Marevv – the most important avenue of the city. The Metropolitan Cathedral is the most fascinating building of Chisinau, and can be seen opposite to the arch.
This 13 meter arch is a mark of commemoration of the military victory of the Russian Empire against the Ottoman Empire in the War of 1829. The real reason behind building the arch was to house a large bell that was made by casting the Turkish cannon (which was captured during the war).
It was initially destined to the Metropolitan Cathedral but it couldn’t be installed here due to the enormity of size and weight. Hence the Arc of the Triumph was constructed in order to install it near the bell.
6 The Arc de Triomf In Barcelona, 1888
The Arc de Triomf of Barcelona is located on Passeig de Lluís Companys, near the Parc de la Ciutadella. It was built in 1888. Its entrance door was represented on the Universal Exhibition of Barcelona.
The Arc de Triomf of Barcelona is often referred for its modern built, considering the time when the new artistic movement took its first steps. The primary material used in construction was ceramic brick for the facades.
Being one of the most important representatives of this premodernism, Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas designed the structure.
The arch is destined to celebrate a Universal Exhibition and hence does not represent any type of military commemoration, thus making it a monument of civil character.
With 30 meters of height it is not the highest Triumphal arch ever built, but one of the most beautifully decorated, and integrated with sculptures of some of the best artists of the time, such as Josep Llimona or Josep Reynés.
7 The Arch Of Triumph In Bucharest
The Arch of Triumph in Bucharest was built in 1936 as the evolution of an earlier arch that was built in 1922 and demolished in 1935. The construction was to commemorate the end of the World War I.
As a matter of fact, this arch of 1922 was not the first one that stood in the same location. In 1878, the first arch was constructed in wood, commemorating the independence of the country.
This arch is 27 meters high and less ornate than that of Paris, or the work of the Romanian architect Petre Antonescu.
8 The Arc Of The Triumph In Vientiane
This 1962 arch in the capital of Laos is one of the most curious Arc de Triomphe (Triumphal Arch) in the world. It heterogeneously mixes classicism and exoticism of Southeast Asia. Also famous as Patuxai or Victory Gate, it is an arch commemorating the fighters of country’s independence (against the French metropolis) and the victims of World War I.
The construction was done from the cement donated by the United States in order to build a new runway for Vientiane airport.
In total, there are 4 arches in the Arc de Triomphe in Vientiane, one at each of the cardinal points. The design is a response to an Asian interpretation of classicism and has three appendages, as a pagoda on its terrace.
9 The Arch Of Triumph In Pyongyang
Built in 1982,the commemoration of the defense of Korean people against Japanese imperialism from 1925 to 1945 took the shape of Pyongyang Arc of Triumph. It is one of the several buildings and monuments that honor the Kim IL-Sung, grandfather of the current North Korean leader. In fact, he is considered the father of the mother country as well as the true hero and creator of the country’s independence from imperialism.
At a height of 70 meters, it is one of the tallest Arc de Triomphe ever built. The design is takes the form of 4 arches, with one at each of the cardinal points.
10 Porta Macedonia, Skopje
Built in 2011 in the capital of Macedonia, the Triumphal Arch of Skopje is a latest addition to the list of top 10 recent Roman arches of the world. It is one of the several constructions that the Macedonian state has undertaken in the center of the capital of the country.
Not to forget that the construction of this arch generated much controversy. Also known as the Macedonian Gate, The Arc de Triomphe in Skopje was built to celebrate 20 years of independence of the former Yugoslav republic. The gate goes as high as 21 meters and its immaculate white shade attracts everyone’s notice in one of the busiest areas of Skopje.